Incorporation of Company


Starting a business is an exciting venture, but it also involves numerous legal and administrative tasks. One crucial step in the process is the incorporation of your company. Incorporation offers several benefits, such as limited liability protection and enhanced credibility. In this article, we will explore the process of company incorporation, the role of a business advisor, and specifically focus on the incorporation of corporations in Canada. We will also discuss the importance of seeking guidance from a small business advisor in Calgary. So, if you are a Canadian business owner looking to incorporate your company, read on!

Understanding the Importance of Incorporation

Why Incorporate Your Company?

Incorporating your company is a vital step towards establishing a legally recognized business entity. It offers numerous advantages and ensures your business operates in compliance with the law. Let’s explore the key benefits of incorporation.

Limited Liability Protection

One of the primary reasons for incorporating your company is to protect your personal assets from business liabilities. When your business is incorporated, it becomes a separate legal entity, and its debts and legal obligations are separate from your personal finances. This means that if your company faces legal issues or financial liabilities, your personal assets are safeguarded.

Enhanced Credibility and Perpetual Existence

Incorporation adds a level of credibility to your business. It conveys a sense of permanence and stability to customers, suppliers, and potential partners. Furthermore, a corporation has perpetual existence, meaning it can continue its operations even if the shareholders change or if the original owner decides to exit the business.

The Process of Incorporating a Company in Canada

Incorporating a company in Canada involves several steps. Let’s walk through the process:

Selecting the Business Structure

Before incorporating, you need to determine the appropriate business structure for your company. The most common options in Canada are a corporation, partnership, or sole proprietorship. Each structure has its advantages and considerations, so it’s crucial to consult with a business advisor to choose the best option for your specific needs.

Choosing a Name and Completing Name Search

Next, you must choose a unique and memorable name for your company. Conduct a name search to ensure that your desired name is available and doesn’t infringe on existing trademarks. The Canadian government provides online resources to assist with this process.

Preparing the Articles of Incorporation

The Articles of Incorporation outline essential details about your company, such as its name, registered office address, share structure, and the names of directors and shareholders. Consult with a business advisor to ensure the articles are accurately prepared and meet all legal requirements.

Filing the Articles of Incorporation

Once the articles are ready, you must file them with the appropriate provincial or territorial government agency. This process typically involves submitting the required forms and paying the necessary fees. The filing can be done electronically or by mail.

Obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation

Upon successful submission of the articles, the government will review the documents and, if everything is in order, issue a Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate serves as proof that your company is legally incorporated and can operate within the chosen jurisdiction.

The Role of a Business Advisor

What Does a Business Advisor Do?

A business advisor is a professional who provides expert guidance and support to entrepreneurs and business owners. They offer valuable insights and assist in various areas, such as business planning, financial management, market research, and strategic decision-making.

When Should You Get a Business Advisor?

Engaging a business advisor early in your entrepreneurial journey can be highly beneficial. They can help you navigate the complexities of starting and growing a business, ensuring that you make informed decisions right from the start.

How to Find the Right Business Advisor?

Finding the right business advisor is crucial for maximizing the value they bring to your company. Seek recommendations from trusted sources, conduct interviews, and review their qualifications and experience. Choose an advisor who has expertise in your industry and understands the specific challenges you may face.

Difference Between a Business Advisor and Consultant

While the terms “business advisor” and “consultant” are often used interchangeably, there are some differences between the two. Business advisors typically provide ongoing support and guidance, acting as a trusted partner throughout your entrepreneurial journey. Consultants, on the other hand, are often hired for specific projects or to address particular challenges within a business.

Benefits of Incorporating a Corporation

Limited Liability Protection for Shareholders

Incorporating as a corporation grants shareholders limited liability protection. This means that their personal assets are protected in the event of lawsuits or financial obligations of the company. It provides peace of mind and encourages investment in the business.

Tax Advantages and Income Splitting

Corporations enjoy certain tax advantages compared to other business structures. They may be eligible for lower tax rates, deductibility of certain expenses, and the ability to defer taxes. Additionally, corporations can facilitate income splitting, allowing for strategic distribution of income among family members or shareholdersto optimize tax liabilities.

Access to Capital and Potential for Growth

As a corporation, you have access to various avenues for raising capital, such as issuing shares or seeking investments from venture capitalists. This infusion of capital can fuel business growth, fund expansion plans, and enable innovation and development.

Enhanced Credibility and Brand Reputation

Incorporating your company adds credibility and professionalism to your brand. It demonstrates your commitment to long-term success and instills confidence in customers, suppliers, and potential partners. A well-established corporate structure can attract more significant opportunities and partnerships.

Why You Need a Small Business Advisor in Calgary

Local Expertise and Knowledge

If you are a business owner in Calgary, seeking guidance from a small business advisor who understands the local market dynamics can be invaluable. They have firsthand knowledge of the region’s business landscape, regulations, and industry-specific challenges.

Tailored Advice and Support

A small business advisor can provide tailored advice based on your unique circumstances. They will assess your business goals, strengths, and weaknesses to develop strategies that align with your vision and drive sustainable growth.

Compliance and Regulatory Assistance

Staying compliant with legal and regulatory requirements is essential for any business. A small business advisor will ensure that your company adheres to the necessary regulations, files required documentation, and stays up-to-date with any changes in laws that may affect your operations.

Strategic Planning and Business Growth

Small business advisors can help you create a comprehensive strategic plan for your company. They will identify growth opportunities, assist in developing realistic financial projections, and provide guidance on expanding your market reach and increasing profitability.


Incorporating your company is a crucial step towards establishing a legally recognized business entity with various benefits, including limited liability protection, enhanced credibility, and access to capital. Seeking guidance from a small business advisor in Calgary can further streamline the incorporation process, provide strategic insights, and ensure compliance with local regulations. So, take the necessary steps to incorporate your company and set the stage for long-term success.


When should I get a business advisor?

It is beneficial to engage a business advisor early in your entrepreneurial journey. They can help you make informed decisions and navigate the complexities of starting and growing a business.

What is the difference between a business advisor and consultant?

While the terms are often used interchangeably, business advisors typically provide ongoing support and guidance throughout your entrepreneurial journey. Consultants are often hired for specific projects or to address particular challenges within a business.

How can a small business advisor help with company incorporation?

A small business advisor can guide you through the entire process of company incorporation, from selecting the appropriate business structure to preparing the necessary documentation and ensuring compliance with legal requirements.